ISSN: 1817-2695

Volume 37, Issue 4

Volume 37, Issue 4, Summer 2011, Page 1-24


A Microbial study of the Sand flies (Diptera : Psychodidae ; phlebotominae)

Mufeed A. Habeeb; K.A.HASSAN

Journal of Basrah Researches (Sciences), Volume 37, Issue 4, Pages 1-12

The present work deals with a microbial study on Sand flies (Psychodidae :

Diptera) in Basrah Governorante a long the period of September 2003 –

November 2004, monthly samples were collected at five permanent stations

The results have shown that the promastigote leishmania are not
found in the stomach of 149 gravid and fed female of Phlebotomus species under investigation. On the other hand, the elemantry canal of these Sand flies are unstirelized and that Proteus bocteria are dominant. There were high mycoses a variance inside the elemantry canal as well as seven species of fungi are isolated and Sacchromyces are dominant in all dissecting females .

Effect of Spraying with Urea and NPK on Some Chemical Characteristics and Ripening of Date Palm Fruits

Hussein J. Shareef

Journal of Basrah Researches (Sciences), Volume 37, Issue 4, Pages 13-24

The study was carried out at a private orchard , in Al-Hartha region –Basrah, at the beginning of (April) until (August) for the growing season 2010, the purpose of knowing the effect of spraying with NPK concentration (2 and 2.5) % and urea concentration (1) % on the leaves in the pracentage of Ripening and some chemical characteristics of Date Palm Khidrawi cultivar, the results showed superiority treatment spraying with NPK concentration of 2.5% before spathes opening and at the early stage of kammri significantly increased total soluble solids and total sugars and reducing sugars and dry matter and pracentage of fruit ripening compared with other treatments, while treatment spraying with NPK concentration of 2.5% before spathes opening and at the early stage of kammri led to a decreace in Water content of fruit significantly. The results showed that there are no different significances with the treatment of spraying with urea concentration of 1% before spathes opening or in the early stage of kammri with the control treatment in the concentration of total soluble solids and total sugars and reducing sugars and dry matter of fruits.